Chevrolet Spark manuals

Mazda CX-5 Service & Repair Manual: 4WD

General Procedures (Front And Rear Axles)
Wheel and Tire Installation 1. When installing the wheels and tires, tighten the wheel nuts in a criss-cross pattern to the following tightening torque. Tightening torque 108—147 N ...

All Wheel Drive System
Outline The electronic all-wheel drive (AWD) control system automatically and optimally controls drive torque distribution for the front and rear wheels. Due to this off-road mobility and ...

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Start Stop Unit Configuration (Using Read/Write Function)
NOTE: When performing configuration, it is necessary to read the vehicle specification information from the start stop unit before replacing it. Connect the M-MDS to the vehicle and perform vehicle identification before removing the start stop unit. The vehicle specification informa ...

Multiplex Communication System
A controller area network (CAN) system has been adopted in which multiplex communication is performed using a single communication path. A high-speed controller area network (HS-CAN) has been adopted for the communication between the following modules: PCM ...

Afs (Adaptive Front Lighting System) Control Module
Purpose The AFS control module calculates the target optical axis based on the vehicle height signal and outputs the target optical axis signal to the headlight leveling actuator. Function The AFS control module performs control of the AFS and headlight auto leveling. ...

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