Chevrolet Spark manuals

Mazda CX-5 Service & Repair Manual: PCM

Purpose/Function


Function

Description

Main relay control

  • Supplies power to each part by switching the main relay on/off at the optimal timing according to the vehicle conditions.

Drive-by-wire control

  • Calculates the optimum target throttle valve opening angle at all engine speeds and controls the throttle valve actuator.

  • The drive-by-wire control is composed of the idle air control, accelerator control, traction control, excess engine speed control, overspeed control, electric variable valve timing cooperation control, and the brake override system.

Hydraulic variable valve timing control

  • Changes the exhaust valve timing according to engine operation conditions to improve engine output, fuel economy, and emission performance.

  • Based on each input signal, the PCM determines the optimum exhaust valve timing according to the engine operation conditions. The PCM drives the OCV, and switches the oil passages of the hydraulic variable valve timing actuator to control the exhaust valve timing at optimum.

  • Based on the coordination with the electric variable valve timing control and by increasing the amount of overlap during high engine loads, nitrogen oxide (NOX) occurring largely at high temperatures is reduced by re-circulating exhaust gas into the combustion chamber, which also reduces combustion temperature.

Electric variable valve timing control

  • The PCM determines the optimum intake valve timing according to the engine operation conditions, and sends the motor drive signals to the electric variable valve timing driver. With the adoption of the electric drive system, variable intake valve timing can be controlled without any influence from the engine conditions, thus the fuel economy has been improved and pumping loss has been decreased.

  • Based on the coordination with the hydraulic variable valve timing control and by increasing the amount of overlap during high engine loads, nitrogen oxide (NOX) occurring largely at high temperatures is reduced by re-circulating exhaust gas into the combustion chamber which reduces combustion temperature.

Fuel injection control

  • Performs optimum fuel injection according to engine operation conditions.

  • The PCM determines the engine operation conditions based on the signals from each input device and drives the fuel injectors at the optimal fuel injection time (fuel injection amount) and the fuel injection timing to inject fuel.

  • By controlling the combustion conditions between uniform combustion and stratified combustion based on the fuel injection amount, fuel injection timing, and fuel injection times, improved emission performance while the engine is cold and higher engine output have been achieved.

Fuel pump control

  • By switching the fuel pump discharge amount, reduced power consumption and improved fuel economy have been realized.

  • The PCM determines the optimum fuel pump drive force according to the engine operation conditions, and sends the fuel pump drive signal to the fuel pump control module.

High pressure fuel pump control

  • Changes the fuel pressure applied to the fuel injector according to engine operation conditions to improve engine output and startability.

  • The PCM determines the fuel pressure value corresponding to the engine operation conditions based on the each input signal, and drives the spill valve control solenoid valve for optimum control of fuel pressure.

Electronic spark advance

  • Controls ignition to the optimum timing according to engine operation conditions.

  • Serviceability has been improved by eliminating the necessity of ignition timing adjustment.

  • The PCM determines the engine operation conditions based on input signals from each sensor and blocks current to the ignition coils at the calculated ignition timing, causing the spark plugs to discharge (ignite) by the effect of electromagnetic mutual induction.

Purge control

  • An appropriate amount of evaporative gas is fed into the intake manifold by the purge solenoid valve operation according to the engine operation conditions. This ensures driveability and prevents release of evaporative gas into the atmosphere.

  • The PCM drives the purge solenoid valve based on the signal from each control part.

A/F sensor heater control

  • Based on the control of the front and rear A/F sensor heaters, a stabilized oxygen concentration is detected even at low exhaust temperatures, and feedback control of fuel injection even at cold engine start is made possible for improved cold temperature exhaust emission performance.

  • Both emission performance and sensor protection have been improved by duty control of the heater according to engine operation conditions (exhaust gas temperature).

  • A pre-heater has been adopted to prevent water, produced from the exhaust system when the engine is started, from adhering to the sensor and damaging it.

HO2S heater control

  • Based on the control of the front and rear HO2S heaters, a stabilized oxygen concentration is detected even at low exhaust temperatures, and feedback control of fuel injection even at cold engine start is made possible for improved cold temperature exhaust emission performance.

  • Both emission performance and sensor protection have been improved by duty control of the heater according to engine operation conditions (exhaust gas temperature).

A/C cut-off control

  • Controls the A/C operation by switching the A/C relay ON/OFF at the optimal timing according to engine operation conditions. Acceleration performance and A/C compressor reliability have been improved by controlling the A/C operation.

Electrical fan control

  • Through cooling of the radiator and condenser by operation of the cooling fan according to vehicle conditions, engine reliability and cooling performance have been improved.

Starter cut-off control

  • The PCM controls energization to the starter relay according to an immobilizer system request to improve security.

  • While not in P or N position, the starter relay energization by the ignition key is inhibited.

Generator control

  • Idling stability has been improved by optimum control of generator voltage according to engine operation and electrical load conditions.

  • The PCM determines the engine operation and electrical load conditions based on the input signals from each control part and controls the energization time of the generator field coils.

Engine oil control

  • The PCM reduces the load and friction resistance applied to the engine by controlling the appropriate engine oil amount according to the engine operation conditions. The engine oil amount switches in two steps. When hydraulic pressure is not needed, the oil pump discharge amount is reduced by the operation of the engine oil solenoid valve. In addition, if the engine oil solenoid valve is malfunctioning, priority is given to protecting the engine by maximizing the oil pump discharge amount.


Construction

Operation


Function

Page

Main relay control

(See MAIN RELAY CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Drive-by-wire control

(See DRIVE-BY-WIRE CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Hydraulic variable valve timing control

(See HYDRAULIC VARIABLE VALVE TIMING CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Electric variable valve timing control

(See ELECTRIC VARIABLE VALVE TIMING CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Fuel injection control

(See FUEL INJECTION CONTROL SYSTEM [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Fuel pump control

(See FUEL PUMP CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

High pressure fuel pump control

(See HIGH PRESSURE FUEL PUMP CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Electronic spark advance

(See ELECTRONIC SPARK ADVANCE CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Purge control

(See PURGE CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

A/F sensor heater control

(See AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR HEATER CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

HO2S heater control

(See HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR (HO2S) HEATER CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

A/C cut-off control

(See A/C CUT-OFF CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Electrical fan control

(See ELECTRICAL FAN CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Starter cut-off control

(See STARTER CUT-OFF CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Generator control

(See GENERATOR CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)

Engine oil control

(See ENGINE OIL CONTROL [SKYACTIV-G 2.0].)


Fail-safe


DTC No.

Fail-safe function

P0601:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

  • Stops the drive-by-wire control (throttle valve is open at approx. 8° by return spring force).

P0606:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

  • Stops the drive-by-wire control (throttle valve is open at approx. 8° by return spring force).

P061B:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

P061D:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

P2107:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

  • Stops the drive-by-wire control (throttle valve is open at approx. 8° by return spring force).

P2110:00

  • Restricts the upper limit of the engine speed.

  • Stops the drive-by-wire control (throttle valve is open at approx. 8° by return spring force).


PCM Removal/Installation
CAUTION: There are two types of PCM settings. If the incorrect PCM is installed, it could cause interference with engine control. When replacing the PCM, verify the first four digit ...

PID/Data Monitor Inspection [Standard Deployment Control System]
1. Connect the M-MDS to the DLC?2. 2. After the vehicle is identified, select the following items from the initialization screen of the M-MDS. a. Select “DataLogger”. b. Select “Modules ...

Other materials:

Heater Core
Purpose The heater core heats passing air. Function A portion of the engine coolant is taken into the heater core to heat the air passing through the heater core. Construction The heater core consists of a tube which passes engine coolant, and the heat ra ...

Glove Compartment Removal/Installation
1. Push the glove compartment in the direction of the arrow (1) and remove hooks A. 2. Pull the stay damper in the direction of the arrow (2) shown in the figure and remove the hook B. CAUTION: If the glove compartment is closed without being joined to the stay damper, the sta ...

Windshield Wiper Arm And Blade Removal/Installation
Windshield Wiper Arm 1. Open the hood. CAUTION: If excessive force is applied when removing the cap, tabs could break. Carefully remove the cap. 2. Insert a tape-wrapped precision flathead screwdriver into the gap between the windshield wiper arm and cap, and slightly raise the ...

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